N° 327 / 19. 02. 1996 / GB
: Translated from
Russian to French on September 29, 1993 by Mr.R.Triquet, with the
collaboration of Mme Annie Allain, assistant professor of Russian at
the University of Lille III, France. Translated from French to
English on July 28, 1995 by Christopher Arts and Jane Pampalone.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL
: Groupe 2
Pinscher and Schnauzer –
Molossoid breeds -
Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 1.4 Tchiorny Terrier.
Without working trial.
: The size of the
Black Terriers is larger than an average dog. Black Terriers are
strong, with massive one structure and well-developed muscles. The
skin is tight and elastic, without any folds or dewlap.
Dogs of this breed are assertive, wary of
strangers and resistant; they adjust easily to different climates.
The Black Terrier must yield to training.
: Robust and
Faults : Feeble or fragile appearance, insufficient
Major faults : Light bone structure, weak muscle
tone, frail and weak constitution.
INDEX OF THE FORMAT
proportion of the length of the body vs. the height at the withers
is 100 : 105.
Faults : Format slightly too large (106 : 108).
Major faults : Format too large (in excess of 108).
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
energetic, hardy, stable temperament, but very lively, with strong
reactions of defense.
Faults : Timid, excessively excitable, passive.
Major faults : Fearful, extremely excitable,
CHARACTERISTICS TYPICAL FOR EACH SEX
Clearly expressed, depending on the sex. Male
dogs are of greater size, more masculine and more massive than
Faults : Minor deviation from the required sexual
Major faults : Strong deviation from the required
characteristics. Male with a feminine appearance or vice versa.
: Long and
moderately narrow skull with well-rounded cheekbones. The forehead
is flat. The stop is marked but not too pronounced. The muzzle is
parallel with the topline of the skull. The muzzle is massive,
slightly tapering. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than
the length of the skull. The moustache and the beard give the
muzzle a truncated and square appearance. The lips are thick and
full. The upper lip is adjusted to the line of the lower jaw
without forming flews.
Faults : Head too small, forehead rounded, stop
hardly marked or excessively pronounced, protruding cheekbones, soft
Major faults : Coarse head, too light or too heavy,
rounded head; muzzle short, pointed or turned-up.
Attached high on the head, hanging down straight from the base,
small and triangular in shape. The front rim of the ear hangs down
against the cheekbones.
Faults : Ears set too low; long ears, flying ears,
ears held apart from the cheekbones.
Major faults : Ears standing up from the base,
Small, oval shaped, slanted, dark in colour.
Faults : Big eyes or eye colour not sufficiently
dark. Visible third eyelid. Visible haw. Presence of a milky spot
on the eye.
Major faults : Light coloured eye, cross-eyed.
Strong, white in colour, closely positioned. The incisors are
positioned in one line, the bite is a scissors bite.
Faults : Poorly developed teeth, teeth not
corresponding with age, damaged teeth which do not interfere with
the proper occlusion of the bite. Absence of up to two of the first
premolars or absence of one of the first premolars and one of the
second premolars. Light tar build-up.
Major faults : Very small teeth, missing teeth;
incisors not aligned; any deviation from a scissors bite; absence of
an incisor or a canine, absence of a third or a fourth premolar or
any molar. Teeth with severely damaged enamel.
Long, massive, dry, set at a 40 – 45 degree angle to the topline.
Faults : Short neck, blocky neck, showing a dewlap or
Large, deep, showing several well-sprung ribs. The lower part of
the chest is positioned at the level of the elbows or slightly below
Faults : Ribs not well sprung, chest not descending
to the level of the elbows, ribcage slightly flat.
Major faults : Barrel shaped ribcage, too wide, not
enough let down, flat or narrow.
: Set above the lower line
of the chest.
Faults : Strongly tucked-up or whippety abdomen.
High, clearly marked above
the dorsal topline.
Faults : Low, poorly developed withers.
Straight, large, muscular.
Faults : Weak back, narrow or insufficiently muscled.
Major faults : Concave or convex back.
Short, wide, muscular and slightly arched.
Faults : Long, insufficiently rounded.
Major faults : Badly coupled, narrow or very arched.
Large, muscular, with a barely visible slope towards the tail, which
is set high on the croup.
Faults : Horizontal rump or slightly sloping
rump, insufficiently muscled.
Major faults : Slanting or narrow rump.
: Set high, thick
and docked short, leaving 3 to 4 vertebrae.
Faults : Tail set low, incorrectly docked tail.
Major faults : Tail not docked.
Seen from the front, the legs are straight and parallel. The angle
of the shoulder blade with the upper arm is approximately 110
degrees. The elbows must point backwards. The forearms are short
and vertical. The pasterns are short and straight.
Faults : Shoulder is slightly too straight, elbows
slightly turned inwards or outwards; pasterns weak, outwards or
Major faults : Upright shoulder; strong deviation of
the elbows; deviation of the forearm; knuckling over, down or
Seen from behind, the legs are straight and parallel, but held more
wide than the front legs. The thighs are muscular and well
developed. The lower thighs are long and set obliquely. The hock
joint is dry and well developed. The hocks (metatarsals) are
massive, long and almost vertical.
Faults: Weak muscle tone, short legs, slightly cow
hocked legs (or bow-legged). Angulations slightly too straight or
the angle at the hock too narrow. Hare feet.
Major faults : The same as above, but more
pronounced. Rump too high. Hock joints perfectly straight or with
a very narrow angulation.
(Fore- and hind feet) :
Thick, with well arched pads, rounded in shape.
Faults : Feet pointing outwards or inwards.
Major faults : Feet flat or crooked.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
Easy, harmonious and fluid. A slow trot or the gallop are the most
typical movements. When trotting, the legs must move in a straight
line, with the front legs converging towards a median line. The
back and the loin show an elastic movement.
Faults : Slight deviation from the requirement that
the legs move in a straight line. Insufficient extension of the
front or hind legs.
Major faults : Restricted or clumsy movement,
movement of the hind legs not straight (crab-like movement),
unbalanced movement of the rump (rolling movement of the
hindquarters), pacing movement.
The hair is rough, hard,
ample and extremely dense. The broken’s hair length is between 1.6
and 3.9 inches (4 – 10 cm) and covers the entire body. On the
muzzle, the coat forms a rough, brushy moustache on the upper lip
and a beard on the lower lip. Above the eyes, the eyebrows are
rough and bristled. On the neck and the withers, the coat is longer
and forms a mane. The forelegs down until the elbows and the hind
legs until the thighs are covered by a rough and long coat. The
undercoat is dense and well-developed
Faults : Straight hair, not broken. Wavy hair, soft
hair, hair longer than 3.9 inches (10 cm). Insufficient formation
of moustache, beard or eyebrows. Frizzy hair.
Major faults : Hair too long (in excess of 5.9 inches
(15 cm)), soft hair, falling hair, short hair, smooth hair; absence
of coat developments on head or legs.
: Black or black with grey
Faults : Brown or grey shadings, small white spot on
Major faults : Brown or grey coat, reddish
patches; white spots on chin, head, neck and legs.
HEIGHT AT THE WITHERS
Male dogs : 25.7 – 28.1 inches (66 - 72 cm).
Bitches : 25.0 – 27.3 inches (64 - 70 cm).
Faults : Slightly leggy or short on the legs.
Height at withers of male dogs below 25.7 inches (66 cm) or above
28.1 inches (72 cm); height at the withers of bitches below 25.0
inches (64 cm) or above 27.3 inches (70 cm).
Major faults : Rump set too high or withers too
low. Height at withers of male dogs below 25.4 inches (65 cm) or
above 28.9 inches (74 cm); height at withers of bitches below 24.6
inches (63 cm) or above 28.1 inches (72 cm).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree.
Any deviation from the scissors-bite
Aggresive or overly shy.
Parti-coloured coat. White markings on feet.
Red patches. Grey coat.
Absence of an incisor or a canine. Absence
of any third premolar or any fourth premolar. Absence of any
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
: Male animals
should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the